Background to the programme
In August 2012 the government set a new framework of anticipation and support for operations to dismantle illegal camps in which mainly European Romanian and Bulgarian immigrants were living. This circular reiterated the need to proceed with the evacuations of illegal camps following court decisions or when the health or security situation required it, all the while making sure of the early evacuation of settlements and the access to common law of the people who live there. This project of anticipation and support for the evacuation of illegal camps was entrusted to DIHAL (Interdepartmental Delegation for Accommodation and Access to Housing). It consists of providing methodological support to state services in the area and of coordinating this effort. As part of this mission, the DIHAL leads consultation bodies, with the central administrations concerned on the one hand and associations and field actors on the other, and runs a network of departmental correspondents designated by the prefects.
Objectives of the programme
- Define local consultation arrangements with the elected representatives and associations to ensure that solutions for sheltering, housing and/or accommodation are offered to families
- Carry out an observation of the development of the situation in the camps
- Fight against potential discrimination committed against people from the camps
- Set up an interdepartmental steering and coordination plan for local actors around the prefect
The ultimate objective of the project is to support people in accessing common law housing by creating a specific service offering individualised and good quality social support until a suitable permanent solution is found and, among other things, to avoid a return to a new camp. To do this, our work starts in the settlements as soon as their presence is made known to us before a court procedure is undertaken with a view to their evacuation. The intervention starts with an initial evaluation of each situation. The families seeking support and integration will be seen, if they wish, and offered accommodation or shelter at an hotel with social support adapted to their situation. This social support will continue for families that are not yet ready to leave the camp but want to begin the procedure.
Quantitative and qualitative results from the implemented actions
Ongoing experiment. An assessment will be conducted in November 2015. Indicators are provided.
The originality lies in the fact that the people are met in advance of the evacuations on site (illegal settlements) so they are reassured by the opportunity to access shelter, an assessment of their situation and the possibility of integration through adapted support.
Partnership(s) developed in the context of the programme
- Romeurope, support collective which serves as a relay between families
- SAMIB (Monitoring and Support for Households from the Slums), with language translation skills
- The Red Cross, for the transportation of households to places of shelter and housing
- AVIH: City Hospital Network for access to care
- Other actors in housing, employment centre ....
Difficulties and/or obstacles encountered during the programme’s implementation :
- The numbers anticipated and the evacuations are very significant: it
currently covers 500 people.
- One social worker post is dedicated to this project which is not enough.
Solutions used to overcome the difficulties and/or obstacles :
Regular co-ordination meetings between the La Rose des Vent and the prefecture as well as the DDCS (Departmental Directorate of Social Cohesion).
Suggestions for future improvement :
Respond again to new project requests for grants and calls for projects to develop the SAMIB team.
Summary of factors responsible for the programme’s success :
At this stage of the experiment, the factors in its success are not yet identifiable.